There are a couple situations when it may be ethical to abort a child, but this must be carefully explained and understood. One may be if the mother has an ectopic pregnancy, where in many cases if the baby continues to grow both she and the baby will die. Another may be a rare pregnancy where the mother’s health is in critical danger if nothing is done. In either case we must be incredibly careful to fully explore the options and determine that the mother will most likely die if she either continues with the pregnancy or gives birth. For instance, most people consider ectopic pregnancies to be deadly in any case, and that in order for the mother to live the baby must be aborted immediately. However, there are some cases where ectopic pregnancies have survived when after waiting the baby moved from the fallopian tube. There still are ectopic pregnancies that have to be ended because they are seriously endangering to the life of the mother. The Association of Pro-Life Physicians says this about such issues:
“If through careful follow-up it is determined that the ectopic pregnancy does not spontaneously resolve and the mother’s symptoms worsen, surgery may become necessary to save the mother’s life. The procedure to remove the ectopic pregnancy may not kill the unborn child at all, because the unborn child has likely already deceased by the time surgery becomes necessary. But even if not, the procedure is necessary to save the mother’s life, and the death of the unborn baby is unavoidable and unintentional.” (www.prolifephysicians.org)Waiting is generally not even considered in today’s medical system, which is why it’s important to carefully analyze the situation, and if possible, find a pro-life doctor. If it were impossible to save both, the life of the mother would take precedence over the life of the unborn child. But even in extreme pregnancy examples when we can’t do two right things at the same time, we have to carefully and prayerfully determine what is most important.