Theodicy is described as the branch of theology that defends God's goodness and justice in the face of the existence of evil. Using that definition, I would like to explain how a good, loving God could be sovereignly in control in the midst of evil. Out of the eight elements of biblical theodicy, the four I am covering in the next several posts are Satan, discipline, revelation, and eschatology.
In order to understand why evil exists at all, we must go back to the beginning. Evil was first conceived when Satan, an angel in the presence of God, decided that he wanted to have the authority and power of God Himself, confidently assuming that he could defeat the Lord Most High. God cast him out of heaven because of his wickedness. Since then, he has been deceiving and lying to try to turn people against God. We know from Genesis chapter 3 that Satan disguised himself as a serpent and tempted Eve in the Garden of Eden. When Eve chose to believe him, along with her husband, both were cast out from the garden. Ever since, Satan has continued to seek out people to destroy. 1 Peter 5:8 says that, “Your adversary the devil prowls around like a roaring lion, seeking someone to devour.” This prowling deceiver is said to describe himself as an angel of light (2 Corinthians 11:14), accuse the children of God (Zechariah 3:1), and deceive (Revelation 12:9). However, despite his power over this world, he does not have unlimited authority. As we learn in the book of Job, Satan prowled around the earth, but the Lord was the one who gave him permission to test Job. We also know from 1 Peter 5:8-9 that Satan is trying to destroy Christians and their joy. Satan then, is one of the reasons we have evil around us today.